Nepotism and Sexism in Peer-Review
Nature Publishing Group
Throughout the world, women leave their academic careers to a far greater extent than their male colleagues. (1) In Sweden, for example, women are awarded 44 per cent of biomedical PhDs but hold a mere 25 per cent of the postdoctoral positions and only 7 per cent of professorial positions. It used to be thought that once there were enough entry-level female scientists, the male domination of the upper echelons of academic research would automatically diminish. But this has not happened in the biomedical field, where disproportionate numbers of men still hold higher academic positions, despite the significant numbers of women who have entered this research field since the 1970s.
Wennerds, Christine and Wold, Agnes, "Nepotism and Sexism in Peer-Review" (1997). ADVANCE Library Collection. Paper 404.