Title

Effects of Dietary Butylated Hydroxytoluene on Aflatoxin B1-Relevant Metabolic Enzymes in Turkeys

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title/Conference

Food and Chemical Toxicology

Volume

41

Issue

5

Publisher

Elsevier

Publication Date

2003

First Page

671

Last Page

678

DOI

10.1016/S0278-6915(02)00332-0

Abstract

We have shown previously that the extreme sensitivity of turkeys to aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is due to a combination of efficient AFB1 activation by cytochrome P450s (CYPs) 1A and deficient detoxification by glutathione S-transferases (GSTs). Phenolic antioxidants such as butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) have been shown to be chemoprotective in some animal models due, in part, to modulation of AFB1-relevant phase I and/or phase II activities, and we wished to determine whether BHT has a similar effect in turkeys. Ten-day-old male turkeys were maintained on diets amended with 1000 or 4000 ppm of BHT for 10 days, then sampled. Hepatic microsomal CYP 1A activity as well as conversion of AFB1 to the putative toxic metabolite, the exo-AFB1-8,9-epoxide (AFBO), were significantly lower compared with control. Conversely, dietary BHT significantly increased activities of several isoforms of hepatic cytosolic GST, as well quinone oxidoreductase (QOR). Western immunoblotting confirmed that dietary BHT increased expression of homologues to rodent GST isoforms Yc1, Yc2 and Ya. There was, however, no observable BHT-related increase in GST-mediated specific conjugation with microsomally-generated AFBO. In total, our data indicates that dietary BHT modulates a variety of AFB1-relevant phase I and phase II enzymes, while having no measurable effect towards specific AFB1 detoxification by GST.

Comments

Originally published by Elsevier. Publisher's PDF and HTML fulltext available through remote link.