Title

Prophylactic Treatment with Recombinant Eimeria Protein, Alone or in Combination with an Agonist Cocktail, Protects Mice from Banzi Virus Infection

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title/Conference

Antiviral Research

Volume

75

Issue

1

Publisher

Elsevier

Publication Date

2007

First Page

14

Last Page

19

DOI

10.1016/j.antiviral.2006.11.005

Abstract

A recombinant Eimeria protozoan protein antigen (rEA) has been shown to have antitumor and antiviral activity. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of rEA treatment alone or in combination with an agonist cocktail consisting of granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), interferon gamma (IFN-γ), interleukin 4 (IL-4), and anti CD-40 antibody, in the treatment of Banzi virus (BV) disease in BALB/c mice. Treatment with rEA resulted in a significant increase in survival, weight gain, and mean day to death in BV-infected mice and resulted in a significant decrease in brain virus titer. Treatment with rEA, in combination with a 4-agonist cocktail, improved disease parameters to a greater degree than rEA treatment alone. The effect of treatment with a reduced concentration of agonist cocktail or fewer components of the agonist cocktail, in combination with rEA, on disease outcome in BV-infected mice was also investigated. Treatment with rEA, alone or in combination with agonist cocktail, 24 h after virus challenge did not improve disease. Treatment with rEA, alone or in combination with an agonist cocktail, is efficacious for the prophylaxis of BV infection in mice.