Effect of Nicotine on in Vitro Maturation of Bovine Oocytes

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Animal Reproduction Science







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The putative effect of nicotine on maturation and the chromosomal complement of bovine oocytes were investigated in the present study. Cumulus-enclosed oocytes were incubated in maturation medium with 0, 0.5, 1.0, 2.5, 5.0, and 10.0 mmol concentrations of nicotine. The results indicated that: (1) nicotine affected cumulus cell expansion in a dose-dependent manner and the perivitelline space failed to form when concentrations were equal to or greater than 5.0 mmol; (2) oocytes treated with 0.5 and 1.0 mmol nicotine concentrations resulted in maturation rates (83.3% and 85.9%, respectively) which was similar to the control (86.2%), whereas treatment with 2.5 and 5.0 mmol concentrations significantly decreased maturation rates to 70.2% and 26.7%, respectively; (3) nicotine at or over 2.5 mmol caused extremely irregular meiotic spindles and interrupted microfilament organization; (4) chromosomal analyses of oocytes with PB1 showed that oocytes derived from 0.5 and 1.0 mmol nicotine groups had haploid complements similar to the control (87–90%), but when the concentrations were increased to 2.5 and 5.0 mmol the haploid state was significantly reduced to around 70%; (5) oocytes at GVBD (germinal vesicle breakdown) and metaphase I stages were less affected by nicotine at 5.0 and 10.0 mmol concentrations than GV-stage oocytes; (6) maturation rates of the short-term nicotine-treated oocytes could be improved when subsequently incubated in normal maturation medium. Prolonged culture of nicotine-pretreated oocytes resulted in self-activation and some oocytes formed 1 or 2 pronuclei. In conclusion, nicotine affects bovine oocyte cumulus cell expansion, maturation rate, and chromosomal complement in a dose-dependent and an oocyte-stage-dependent manner.