Title

Porcine Conceptus Oct-4 mRNA Expression During Peri-implantation Development

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title/Conference

Reproduction in Domestic Animals

Volume

41

Issue

6

Publisher

Wiley-Blackwell

Publication Date

2006

First Page

571

Last Page

572

DOI

10.1111/j.1439-0531.2006.00694.x

Abstract

OCT-4 is a transcriptional regulator of pluripotent cells throughout embryonic and germ cell lineage development prior to cellular differentiation during murine, bovine and porcine peri-implantation development. In contrast to murine OCT-4 expression, bovine and porcine expression is detected in both the inner cell mass and trophoblast. Delayed down regulation of OCT-4 gene expression in farm species may be a consequence of the lengthened period of peri-implantation. Expression of OCT-4 mRNA has not been characterized during conceptus attachment to the uterine surface in the pig. The objective of the present study was to determine conceptus OCT-4 mRNA expression during porcine peri-implantation development from days 10–17 of gestation. Total RNA was extracted from multiple pools of conceptuses collected on days 10, 12, 13, 15 and 17 of pregnancy. Quantitative RT-PCR was utilized to assay conceptus OCT-4 mRNA synthesis. Day of conceptus development significantly affected (p < 0.001) OCT-4 mRNA expression. Conceptus expression of OCT-4 was greatest on days 10 and 12 of pregnancy being approximately 7.7- and 11.6-fold greater compared to expression on days 15 and 17, respectively. Results from the present study suggest that down regulation of OCT-4 may be critical in trophoblastic expansion and uterine epithelial attachment during establishment of pregnancy in the pig.