A Process Economic Approach to Develop a Dilute-Acid Cellulose Hydrolysis Process to Produce Ethanol From Biomass
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology. Spring
Successful deployment of a bioethanol process depends on the integration of technologies that can be economically commercialized. Pretreatment and fermentation operations of the traditional enzymatic bioethanol-production process constitute the largest portion of the capital and operating costs. Cost reduction in these areas, through improved reactions and reduced capital, will improve the economic feasibility of a large-scale plant.
A technoeconomic model was developed using the ASPEN PlusTN modeling software package. This model in cluded a two-stage pretreatment operation with a co-current first stage and countercurrent second stage, a lignin adsorption unit, and a cofermentation unit. Data from kinetic modeling of the pretreatment reactions, verified by bench-scale experiments, were used to create the ASPEN Plus base model. Results from the initial pretreatment and fermentation yields of the two-stage system correlated well to the performance targets established by the model. The ASPEN Plus model determined mass and energy-balance information, which was supplied, to an economic module to determine the required selling price of the ethanol. Several pretreatment process variables such as glucose yield, liquid: solid ratio, additional pretreatment stages, and lignin adsorption were varied to determine which parameters had the greatest effect on the process economics. Optimized values for these key variables became target values for the bench-scale research, either to achieve oridentify as potential obstacles in the future commercialization process. Results from this modeling and experimentation sequence have led to the design of an advanced two-stage engineering-scale reactor for a dilute-acid hydrolysis process.
Nagle, Nick, Ibsen, Kelly, and Jennings, Edward. 1999. A process economic approach to develop a dilute-acid cellulose hydrolysis process to produce ethanol from biomass. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology. 77-79: 595-607.