Aspen Bibliography

Title

Mycorrhizal fungi of aspen forests: natural occurrence and potential applications

Authors

C.L. Cripps

Document Type

Contribution to Book

Source

Sustaining aspen in western landscapes: symposium proceedings, Grand Junction, Colorado, USA, June 13-15, 2000

Editor

W.D. Shepperd, D. Binkley, D.L. Bartos, T.J. Stohlgren

Volume

Rocky Mountain Research Station. USDA

First Page

285

Last Page

298

Publication Date

2000

Abstract

Native mycorrhizal fungi associated with aspen were surveyed on three soil types in the north-central Rocky Mountains. Selected isolates were tested for the ability to enhance aspen seedling growth in vitro. Over 50 species of ectomycorrhizal fungi occur with Populus tremuloides in this region, primarily basidiomycete fungi in the Agaricales. Almost one-third (30%) were ubiquitous with aspen and were found on all three soil types. Over one-third (37%) were restricted to the acidic, sandy soil of the smelter-impacted Butte-Anaconda area, revealing a subset of fungi that tolerate these conditions. Mycorrhizal fungi were screened for their ability to enhance aspen growth and establishment. Of nine selected isolates, all but one increased the biomass of aspen seedlings 2–4 times. Stem diameter, height, and number of root tips increased with inoculation of some fungi. The native species Paxillus vernalis, Tricholoma scalpturatum, Hebeloma mesophaem, Thelephora terrestris, and Laccaria spp. were most promising for further study. Pisolithus tinctorius (available as commercial inoculum) formed prolific mycorrhizae and stimulated plant growth but does not occur with aspen in the Rocky Mountains.

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