Chondrostereum purpureum as a biological control agent in forest vegetation management. I. Efficacy on speckled alder, red maple, and aspen in eastern Canada
Contribution to Book
Proceedings of the third International Conference on Forest Vegetation Management, Sault Ste
As part of a national initiative, a series of experiments were established to evaluate the field efficacy of the indigenous fungus Chondrostereum purpureum (Pers. ex Fr.) Pouzar as a biological agent in woody vegetation control. Separate experiments involving manual cuttings of speckled alder (Alnus rugosa (Du Roi) Spreng.), red maple (Acer rubrum L.), and aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) employed a common suite of treatments and randomized complete block design with five replications. Treatments, applied between June 26 and 29, 1995, included two formulations, each combined with two fungus isolates, 2139 from British Columbia and JAM6 from Ontario. Cutting only (no treatment) and stump treatments with triclopyr (Release®) and blank formulations were used as controls. Two growing seasons after treatment, triclopyr provided significantly greater control of target species than C. purpureum. The fungus exhibited its greatest efficacy on alder, resulting in a 72% reduction in stem volume index and 19% clump mortality over untreated controls. On red maple, isolate 2139 provided a 32% reduction in the volume of stump sprouts. On aspen, both isolates of C. purpureum resulted in a 35% reduction in the volume of stump sprouts and isolate 2139 provided an 88% reduction in the volume of root suckers. Efficacy appeared to vary among fungus isolates and target species, while formulation was less important.
Pitt, D.G.; Dumas, M.T.; Wall, R.E.; Thompson, D.G.; Lanteigne, L.; Hintz, W.; Sampson, G.; and Wagner, R.G., "Chondrostereum purpureum as a biological control agent in forest vegetation management. I. Efficacy on speckled alder, red maple, and aspen in eastern Canada" (1999). Aspen Bibliography. Paper 984.