Title

Role of Disturbance, Topography, and Forest Structure in the Development of a Montane Forest Landscape

Authors

Keith S. Hadley

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title/Conference

Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club

Publication Date

1994

Volume

121

Issue

1

First Page

47

Last Page

61

Abstract

Human set fires beginning in the mid 1800s and repeated insect outbreaks of western spruce budworm (Choristoneura occidentalis Free.) and Douglas-fir bark beetle (Dendroctonus pseudotsugae Hopk.) during the past 50 years have resulted in a dramatic change in the montaine (