Forest Insect and Disease Leaflet
The biology, evidence of infestation and control of the scolytid Dendroctonus ponderosae, a pest of pine trees (Pinus spp.) is described. Natural enemies of D. ponderosae include a dolichopodid fly, 2 coleopterans, one of which is the clerid Enoclerus sphegeus, parasitic hymenopterans, nematodes and woodpeckers. Silvicultural control measures are the most efficient.
Gibson, K., Kegley, S. and Bentz, B. (2009). Mountain pine beetle. USDA Forest Service, Forest Insect and Disease Leaflet 2, 12 pp.