Bark beetle outbreaks have resulted in the loss of hundreds of thousands of conifers on approximately 30 million hectares of forested lands in western North America during the last decade. Many forests remain susceptible to bark beetle infestation and will continue to experience high levels of conifer mortality until suitable host trees are depleted, or natural factors cause populations to collapse. Stand conditions and drought, combined with warming temperatures, have contributed to the severity of these outbreaks, particularly in high-elevation forests.

Conventional wisdom suggests that large scale bark beetle outbreaks alter fuel complexes resulting in an increased potential for severe fires. Conversely, fires damage trees that may predispose them to bark beetle attack. In reality there is little specific quantified data supporting these assertions, and until recently, relationships between fire and western bark beetles in forests of North America have not been extensively studied. The magnitude of recent outbreaks and large wildfires has resulted in a flurry of research attempting to quantify bark beetle/fire/fuel interactions.
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Susceptibility of Fire-Injured Douglas-Fir to Bark Beetle Attack in Southern Idaho, Malcolm M. Furniss; Journal of Forestry



Influence of Logging on Douglas Fir Beetle Populations, R R. Lejeune, L H. McMullen, and M D. Atkins; The Forestry Chronicle


Forest and shade tree entomology, Roger F. Anderson; John Wiley & Sons, Incorportated, Hoboken, NJ, 428 pp.

Biology and control of the western pine beetle : a summary of the first 50 years of research, J M. Miller and F P. Keen; USDA Forest Service, Miscellaneous Publications number 800, 381 pp.



The Effects of Woodpeckers on Populations of the Engelmann Spruce Beetle, F B. Knight; Journal of Economic Entomology



Biology and Control of the Engelmann Spruce Beetle in Colorado, C L. Massey and N D. Wygant



Forest Fires in the Northern Rocky Mountains, J S. Barrows


Net Impact of Spruce Beetle Outbreak on White River National Forest, 1939-1951, Donn B. Cahill



Rate of Deterioration of Beetle-Killed Engelmann Spruce, James L. Mielke; Journal of Forestry



Practical Information on the Scolytid Beetles on North American Forests : Part I - Barkbeetles of the Genus Dendroctonus, A D. Hopkins