Bark beetle outbreaks have resulted in the loss of hundreds of thousands of conifers on approximately 30 million hectares of forested lands in western North America during the last decade. Many forests remain susceptible to bark beetle infestation and will continue to experience high levels of conifer mortality until suitable host trees are depleted, or natural factors cause populations to collapse. Stand conditions and drought, combined with warming temperatures, have contributed to the severity of these outbreaks, particularly in high-elevation forests.

Conventional wisdom suggests that large scale bark beetle outbreaks alter fuel complexes resulting in an increased potential for severe fires. Conversely, fires damage trees that may predispose them to bark beetle attack. In reality there is little specific quantified data supporting these assertions, and until recently, relationships between fire and western bark beetles in forests of North America have not been extensively studied. The magnitude of recent outbreaks and large wildfires has resulted in a flurry of research attempting to quantify bark beetle/fire/fuel interactions.
 
We hope and expect that our freely accessible, online bibliography may be of great benefit to any scholarly research. The bibliography searching can be conducted through titles, by author name, or by descriptive words. Where possible, full text of the documents are provided as PDF documents.

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1997

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Pine Engraver, Ips pini (Say), in the Western United States, Sandra J. Kegley, R. Ladd Livingston, and Kenneth E. Gibson; USDA Forest Service, Forest Insect and Disease Leaflet 122, 5 pp.

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Forest Resources of the Wasatch-Cache National Forest, Renee A. O'Brien and Reese Pope

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Interactions Among Scolytid Bark Beetles, Their Associated Fungi, and Live Host Conifers, T D. Paine, K F. Raffa, and T C. Harrington; Annual Review of Entomology

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Using Pheromone-Baited Traps to Control the Amount and Distribution of Tree Mortality During Outbreaks of the Douglas-Fir Beetle, Darrell W. Ross and Gary E. Daterman; Forest Science

1996

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Management of Lodgepole Pine Stand Density to Reduce Susceptibility to Mountain Pine Beetle Attack, J A. Anhold, M J. Jenkins, and J N. Long; Western Journal of Applied Forestry

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Salvage Timber Sales and Forest Health, Ross W. Gorte

Introduction to wildland fire, 2nd edition revised, Stephen J. Pyne, Patricia L. Andrews, and Richard D. Laven; John Wiley & Sons, Incorportated, Hoboken, NJ, 808 pp.

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Bark Beetle and Wood Borer Infestation in the Greater Yellowstone Area During Four Postfire Years, Lynn A. Rasmussem, Gene D. Amman, James C. Vandygriff, Robert D. Oakes, A. Steven Munson, and Kenneth E. Gibson

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Bark Beetle Activity and Delayed Tree Mortality in the Greater Yellowstone Area Following the 1988 Fires, Kevin C. Ryan and Gene D. Amman; Ecological Implications of Fire in Greater Yellowstone Proceedings

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Douglas-Fir Beetle, Richard F. Schmitz and Kenneth E. Gibson; Forest Insect and Disease Leaflet

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Response of understory vegetation to variable tree mortality following a mountain pine beetle epidemic in lodgepole pine stands in northern Utah, William E. Stone and Michael L. Wolfe; Plant Ecology

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Historical Fire Regime Patterns in the Southwestern United States Since AD 1700, Thomas W. Swetnam and Christopher H. Baisan; Fire Effects in Southwestern Fortest : Proceedings of the 2nd La Mesa Fire Symposium

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Fire Frequency and the Vegetative Mosiac of a Spruce-Fir Forest in Northern Utah, Linda Wadleigh and Michael J. Jenkins; Great Basin Naturalist

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Fire-Silviculture Relationships in Sierra Forests, C. Phillip Weatherspoon; Sierra Nevada Ecosystem Project: Final Report to Congress

1995

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Relative Importance of Fuels and Weather on Fire Behavior in Subalpine Forests, W C. Bessie and E A. Johnson; Ecology

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Forest Health : Moving Beyond Rhetoric to Restore Health Landscapes in the Inland Northwest, Dominick A. DellaSala, David M. Olson, Sara E. Barth, Saundra L. Crane, and Steve A. Primm; Wildlife Society Bulletin

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Changes Over Time in Fuel-Loading Associated with Spruce Beetle-Impacted Stands of the Kenai Peninsula, Alaska, Bethany Schulz

1994

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Role of Disturbance, Topography, and Forest Structure in the Development of a Montane Forest Landscape, Keith S. Hadley; Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club

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Interactions Between Fire-Injured Trees and Insects in the Greater Yellowstone Area, Kevin C. Ryan and Gene D. Amman; Plants and their Environments : Proceedings of the First Biennial Scientific Conference on the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem

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An industry perspective on fire control, Jim Schott; Journal of Forestry 92(11):33

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Effects of Fire on Landscape Heterogeneity in Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, Monica G. Turner, William W. Hargrove, Robert H. Gardner, and William H. Romme; Journal of Vegetation Science

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Disturbance Regime and Disturbance Interactions in a Rocky Mountain Subalpine Forest, Thomas T. Veblen, Keith S. Hadley, Elizabeth M. Nel, Thomas Kitzberger, Marion Reid, and Ricardo Villalba; Journal of Ecology

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Biological Evaluation of Tree Survivorship within the Lowman Fire Boundary, 1989-1993, Julie C. Weatherby, Phil Mocettini, and Brian R. Gardner

1993

Fire ecology in Pacific Northwest Forests, James K. Agee; Island Press, Washington DC, 493 pp.

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Critical Assessment of Risk Classification Systems for the Mountain Pine Beetle, B J. Bentz, G D. Amman, and J A. Logan; Forest Ecology and Management