Conventional wisdom suggests that large scale bark beetle outbreaks alter fuel complexes resulting in an increased potential for severe fires. Conversely, fires damage trees that may predispose them to bark beetle attack. In reality there is little specific quantified data supporting these assertions, and until recently, relationships between fire and western bark beetles in forests of North America have not been extensively studied. The magnitude of recent outbreaks and large wildfires has resulted in a flurry of research attempting to quantify bark beetle/fire/fuel interactions.
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Pine Engraver, Ips pini (Say), in the Western United States, Sandra J. Kegley, R. Ladd Livingston, and Kenneth E. Gibson; USDA Forest Service, Forest Insect and Disease Leaflet 122, 5 pp.
Forest Resources of the Wasatch-Cache National Forest, Renee A. O'Brien and Reese Pope
Interactions Among Scolytid Bark Beetles, Their Associated Fungi, and Live Host Conifers, T D. Paine, K F. Raffa, and T C. Harrington; Annual Review of Entomology
Using Pheromone-Baited Traps to Control the Amount and Distribution of Tree Mortality During Outbreaks of the Douglas-Fir Beetle, Darrell W. Ross and Gary E. Daterman; Forest Science
Management of Lodgepole Pine Stand Density to Reduce Susceptibility to Mountain Pine Beetle Attack, J A. Anhold, M J. Jenkins, and J N. Long; Western Journal of Applied Forestry
Salvage Timber Sales and Forest Health, Ross W. Gorte
Introduction to wildland fire, 2nd edition revised, Stephen J. Pyne, Patricia L. Andrews, and Richard D. Laven; John Wiley & Sons, Incorportated, Hoboken, NJ, 808 pp.
Bark Beetle and Wood Borer Infestation in the Greater Yellowstone Area During Four Postfire Years, Lynn A. Rasmussem, Gene D. Amman, James C. Vandygriff, Robert D. Oakes, A. Steven Munson, and Kenneth E. Gibson
Bark Beetle Activity and Delayed Tree Mortality in the Greater Yellowstone Area Following the 1988 Fires, Kevin C. Ryan and Gene D. Amman; Ecological Implications of Fire in Greater Yellowstone Proceedings
Douglas-Fir Beetle, Richard F. Schmitz and Kenneth E. Gibson; Forest Insect and Disease Leaflet
Response of understory vegetation to variable tree mortality following a mountain pine beetle epidemic in lodgepole pine stands in northern Utah, William E. Stone and Michael L. Wolfe; Plant Ecology
Historical Fire Regime Patterns in the Southwestern United States Since AD 1700, Thomas W. Swetnam and Christopher H. Baisan; Fire Effects in Southwestern Fortest : Proceedings of the 2nd La Mesa Fire Symposium
Fire Frequency and the Vegetative Mosiac of a Spruce-Fir Forest in Northern Utah, Linda Wadleigh and Michael J. Jenkins; Great Basin Naturalist
Fire-Silviculture Relationships in Sierra Forests, C. Phillip Weatherspoon; Sierra Nevada Ecosystem Project: Final Report to Congress
Relative Importance of Fuels and Weather on Fire Behavior in Subalpine Forests, W C. Bessie and E A. Johnson; Ecology
Forest Health : Moving Beyond Rhetoric to Restore Health Landscapes in the Inland Northwest, Dominick A. DellaSala, David M. Olson, Sara E. Barth, Saundra L. Crane, and Steve A. Primm; Wildlife Society Bulletin
Role of Disturbance, Topography, and Forest Structure in the Development of a Montane Forest Landscape, Keith S. Hadley; Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club
Interactions Between Fire-Injured Trees and Insects in the Greater Yellowstone Area, Kevin C. Ryan and Gene D. Amman; Plants and their Environments : Proceedings of the First Biennial Scientific Conference on the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem
An industry perspective on fire control, Jim Schott; Journal of Forestry 92(11):33
Effects of Fire on Landscape Heterogeneity in Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, Monica G. Turner, William W. Hargrove, Robert H. Gardner, and William H. Romme; Journal of Vegetation Science
Disturbance Regime and Disturbance Interactions in a Rocky Mountain Subalpine Forest, Thomas T. Veblen, Keith S. Hadley, Elizabeth M. Nel, Thomas Kitzberger, Marion Reid, and Ricardo Villalba; Journal of Ecology
Biological Evaluation of Tree Survivorship within the Lowman Fire Boundary, 1989-1993, Julie C. Weatherby, Phil Mocettini, and Brian R. Gardner
Fire ecology in Pacific Northwest Forests, James K. Agee; Island Press, Washington DC, 493 pp.
Critical Assessment of Risk Classification Systems for the Mountain Pine Beetle, B J. Bentz, G D. Amman, and J A. Logan; Forest Ecology and Management