Conventional wisdom suggests that large scale bark beetle outbreaks alter fuel complexes resulting in an increased potential for severe fires. Conversely, fires damage trees that may predispose them to bark beetle attack. In reality there is little specific quantified data supporting these assertions, and until recently, relationships between fire and western bark beetles in forests of North America have not been extensively studied. The magnitude of recent outbreaks and large wildfires has resulted in a flurry of research attempting to quantify bark beetle/fire/fuel interactions.
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The Spruce Beetle, E H. Holsten, R W. Their, A S. Munson, and K E. Gibson; Forest Insect and Disease Leaflet
Model Analysis of Mountain Pine Beetle (Coleoptera : Scolytidae) Seasonality, Jesse A. Logan and Barbara J. Bentz; Environmental Entomology
Estimating Extent of Mortality Associated with the Douglas-Fir Beetle in the Central and Northern Rockies, Jose F. Negron, Willis C. Schaupp Jr., Kenneth E. Gibson, John Anhold, Dawn Hansen, Ralph Thier, and Phil Mocettini; Western Journal of Applied Forestry
Plant-pest interactions in time and space: A Douglas-fir bark beetle outbreak as a case study, J. S. Powers, P. Sollins, M. E. Harmon, and J. A. Jones; Landscape Ecology
Douglas-Fir Beetle in the Intermountain West, USDA Forest Service
The landscape ecology of western forest fire regimes, J. K. Agee; Northwest Science
Current and Proposed Technologies for Bark Beetle Management, Richard A. Goyer, Michael R. Wagner, and Timothy D. Schowalter; Journal of Forestry
Postfire Succession and Disturbance Interactions on an Intermountain Subalpine Spruce-Fir Forest, Michael J. Jenkins, Christopher A. Dicus, and Elizabeth G. Hebertson; Fire in Ecosystem Management : Shifting the Paradigm from Suppression to Prescription
Fire and Insects in Northern and Boreal Forest Ecosystems on North America, Deborah G. McCullough, Richard A. Werner, and David Neumann; Annual Review of Entomology
Probability of infestation and extent of mortality associated with the Douglas-fir beetle in the Colorado Front Range, J. F. Negrón; Forest Ecology and Management
Fire episodes in the inland northwest (1540-1940) based on fire history data, Stephen W. Barrett, Stephen F. Arno, and James P. Menakis; USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, General Technical Report INT-GTR-370, 17 pp.
Aerial and surface fuel consumption in crown fires, P. T. Call and F. A. Albini; International Journal of Wildland Fire
Restoring Ecosystem Health in Ponderosa Pine Forests of the Southwest, W. Wallace Covington, Peter Z. Fule, Margaret M. Moore, Stephen C. Hart, Thomas E. Kolb, Joy N. Mast, Stephen S. Sackett, and Michael R. Wagner; Journal of Forestry
Pine Engraver, Ips pini (Say), in the Western United States, Sandra J. Kegley, R. Ladd Livingston, and Kenneth E. Gibson; USDA Forest Service, Forest Insect and Disease Leaflet 122, 5 pp.
Forest Resources of the Wasatch-Cache National Forest, Renee A. O'Brien and Reese Pope
Interactions Among Scolytid Bark Beetles, Their Associated Fungi, and Live Host Conifers, T D. Paine, K F. Raffa, and T C. Harrington; Annual Review of Entomology
Using Pheromone-Baited Traps to Control the Amount and Distribution of Tree Mortality During Outbreaks of the Douglas-Fir Beetle, Darrell W. Ross and Gary E. Daterman; Forest Science
Management of Lodgepole Pine Stand Density to Reduce Susceptibility to Mountain Pine Beetle Attack, J A. Anhold, M J. Jenkins, and J N. Long; Western Journal of Applied Forestry
Salvage Timber Sales and Forest Health, Ross W. Gorte
Bark Beetle and Wood Borer Infestation in the Greater Yellowstone Area During Four Postfire Years, Lynn A. Rasmussem, Gene D. Amman, James C. Vandygriff, Robert D. Oakes, A. Steven Munson, and Kenneth E. Gibson
Bark Beetle Activity and Delayed Tree Mortality in the Greater Yellowstone Area Following the 1988 Fires, Kevin C. Ryan and Gene D. Amman; Ecological Implications of Fire in Greater Yellowstone Proceedings
Douglas-Fir Beetle, Richard F. Schmitz and Kenneth E. Gibson; Forest Insect and Disease Leaflet
Response of understory vegetation to variable tree mortality following a mountain pine beetle epidemic in lodgepole pine stands in northern Utah, William E. Stone and Michael L. Wolfe; Plant Ecology
Historical Fire Regime Patterns in the Southwestern United States Since AD 1700, Thomas W. Swetnam and Christopher H. Baisan; Fire Effects in Southwestern Fortest : Proceedings of the 2nd La Mesa Fire Symposium
Fire Frequency and the Vegetative Mosiac of a Spruce-Fir Forest in Northern Utah, Linda Wadleigh and Michael J. Jenkins; Great Basin Naturalist