Bark beetle outbreaks have resulted in the loss of hundreds of thousands of conifers on approximately 30 million hectares of forested lands in western North America during the last decade. Many forests remain susceptible to bark beetle infestation and will continue to experience high levels of conifer mortality until suitable host trees are depleted, or natural factors cause populations to collapse. Stand conditions and drought, combined with warming temperatures, have contributed to the severity of these outbreaks, particularly in high-elevation forests.

Conventional wisdom suggests that large scale bark beetle outbreaks alter fuel complexes resulting in an increased potential for severe fires. Conversely, fires damage trees that may predispose them to bark beetle attack. In reality there is little specific quantified data supporting these assertions, and until recently, relationships between fire and western bark beetles in forests of North America have not been extensively studied. The magnitude of recent outbreaks and large wildfires has resulted in a flurry of research attempting to quantify bark beetle/fire/fuel interactions.
 
We hope and expect that our freely accessible, online bibliography may be of great benefit to any scholarly research. The bibliography searching can be conducted through titles, by author name, or by descriptive words. Where possible, full text of the documents are provided as PDF documents.

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1998

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Postfire Succession and Disturbance Interactions on an Intermountain Subalpine Spruce-Fir Forest, Michael J. Jenkins, Christopher A. Dicus, and Elizabeth G. Hebertson; Fire in Ecosystem Management : Shifting the Paradigm from Suppression to Prescription

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Fire and Insects in Northern and Boreal Forest Ecosystems on North America, Deborah G. McCullough, Richard A. Werner, and David Neumann; Annual Review of Entomology

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Probability of infestation and extent of mortality associated with the Douglas-fir beetle in the Colorado Front Range, J. F. Negrón; Forest Ecology and Management

1997

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Fire episodes in the inland northwest (1540-1940) based on fire history data, Stephen W. Barrett, Stephen F. Arno, and James P. Menakis; USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, General Technical Report INT-GTR-370, 17 pp.

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Aerial and surface fuel consumption in crown fires, P. T. Call and F. A. Albini; International Journal of Wildland Fire

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Restoring Ecosystem Health in Ponderosa Pine Forests of the Southwest, W. Wallace Covington, Peter Z. Fule, Margaret M. Moore, Stephen C. Hart, Thomas E. Kolb, Joy N. Mast, Stephen S. Sackett, and Michael R. Wagner; Journal of Forestry

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Pine Engraver, Ips pini (Say), in the Western United States, Sandra J. Kegley, R. Ladd Livingston, and Kenneth E. Gibson; USDA Forest Service, Forest Insect and Disease Leaflet 122, 5 pp.

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Forest Resources of the Wasatch-Cache National Forest, Renee A. O'Brien and Reese Pope

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Interactions Among Scolytid Bark Beetles, Their Associated Fungi, and Live Host Conifers, T D. Paine, K F. Raffa, and T C. Harrington; Annual Review of Entomology

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Using Pheromone-Baited Traps to Control the Amount and Distribution of Tree Mortality During Outbreaks of the Douglas-Fir Beetle, Darrell W. Ross and Gary E. Daterman; Forest Science

1996

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Management of Lodgepole Pine Stand Density to Reduce Susceptibility to Mountain Pine Beetle Attack, J A. Anhold, M J. Jenkins, and J N. Long; Western Journal of Applied Forestry

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Salvage Timber Sales and Forest Health, Ross W. Gorte

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Bark Beetle and Wood Borer Infestation in the Greater Yellowstone Area During Four Postfire Years, Lynn A. Rasmussem, Gene D. Amman, James C. Vandygriff, Robert D. Oakes, A. Steven Munson, and Kenneth E. Gibson

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Bark Beetle Activity and Delayed Tree Mortality in the Greater Yellowstone Area Following the 1988 Fires, Kevin C. Ryan and Gene D. Amman; Ecological Implications of Fire in Greater Yellowstone Proceedings

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Douglas-Fir Beetle, Richard F. Schmitz and Kenneth E. Gibson; Forest Insect and Disease Leaflet

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Response of understory vegetation to variable tree mortality following a mountain pine beetle epidemic in lodgepole pine stands in northern Utah, William E. Stone and Michael L. Wolfe; Plant Ecology

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Historical Fire Regime Patterns in the Southwestern United States Since AD 1700, Thomas W. Swetnam and Christopher H. Baisan; Fire Effects in Southwestern Fortest : Proceedings of the 2nd La Mesa Fire Symposium

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Fire Frequency and the Vegetative Mosiac of a Spruce-Fir Forest in Northern Utah, Linda Wadleigh and Michael J. Jenkins; Great Basin Naturalist

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Fire-Silviculture Relationships in Sierra Forests, C. Phillip Weatherspoon; Sierra Nevada Ecosystem Project: Final Report to Congress

1995

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Long-term response of disturbance landscapes to human intervention and global change., W. L. Baker; Landscape Ecology

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Relative Importance of Fuels and Weather on Fire Behavior in Subalpine Forests, W C. Bessie and E A. Johnson; Ecology

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Forest Health : Moving Beyond Rhetoric to Restore Health Landscapes in the Inland Northwest, Dominick A. DellaSala, David M. Olson, Sara E. Barth, Saundra L. Crane, and Steve A. Primm; Wildlife Society Bulletin

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Changes Over Time in Fuel-Loading Associated with Spruce Beetle-Impacted Stands of the Kenai Peninsula, Alaska, Bethany Schulz

1994

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Post settlement changes in natural fire regimes and forest structure: ecological restoration of old-growth ponderosa pine forests, W. W. Covington and M. M. Moore; Journal of Sustainable Forestry

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Role of Disturbance, Topography, and Forest Structure in the Development of a Montane Forest Landscape, Keith S. Hadley; Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club