Title

Cutthroat measurement flume calibration for free and submerged flow using a single equation

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title/Conference

Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering

Volume

134

Issue

4

Publisher

American Society of Civil Engineers

Publication Date

8-1-2008

First Page

521

Last Page

526

DOI

10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9437(2008)134:4(521)

Abstract

A series of detailed laboratory measurements were made under steady-state flow conditions through a 0.914-m (3-ft) Cutthroat flume in an attempt to more accurately define transition submergence for four standard throat widths. It was found that the change from free to submerged flow, and vice versa, is gradual and that there is no easily observable transition point. The gradual transition between the flow regimes suggested a new calibration approach in which a single equation could more elegantly and more accurately fit the laboratory measurements, eschewing the need for separate free- and submerged-flow equations, and obviating the need to define transition submergence. Such an equation was found, providing greater calibration accuracy up to 95% submergence in 0.914-m Cutthroat flumes.

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