Title

Calculation of Deuterium Isotope Effects in Proton Transfer Reactions

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title

Journal of Molecular Structure

Publication Date

5-1994

Publisher

Elsevier

Volume

321

Issue

1-2

First Page

1

Last Page

10

DOI

10.1016/0022-2860(93)08200-N

Abstract

Various levels of theory are tested for the purpose of computing the rate constant for proton transfer reactions. Standard transition state theory is applied to a series of molecules with a progressively more bent intramolecular hydrogen bond. The systems all display similar deuterium isotope effects (DIEs); the larger DIE at low temperature is attributed to zero-point vibrational effects. However, when tunneling is incorporated via a microcanonical approach, a dramatically enhanced effect is observed for the most distorted H-bond. The energy barrier for proton transfer between carbon atoms involved in triple bonds is smaller than for carbons with lesser multiplicity. The DIE displays a sensitivity to temperature that is least for the carbon atoms with the greatest multiplicity of bonding. The tunneling obtained by following the minimum energy reaction path along the potential energy surface is similar to that when the potential is approximated by an Eckart barrier. However, significant discrepancies are observed at temperatures below about 250 K.

Comments

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/002228609308200N

Publisher PDF is available for download through the link above.

Published by Elsevier in Journal of Molecular Structure.

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