Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title/Conference

Journal of Applied Remote Sensing

Volume

10

Issue

3

Publisher

Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)

Publication Date

9-22-2016

First Page

1

Last Page

25

DOI

10 .1117/1.JRS.10.036027

Abstract

Generating a georeferenced mosaic map from unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)imagery is a challenging task. Direct and indirect georeferencing methods may fail to generate an accurate mosaic map due to the erroneous exterior orientation parameters stored in the inertial measurement unit (IMU), erroneous global positioning system (GPS) data, and difficulty inlocating ground control points (GCPs) or having a sufficient number of GCPs. This paperpresents a practical framework to orthorectify and georeference aerial images using the robustfeatures-based matching method. The proposed georeferencing process is fully automatic and does not require any GCPs. It is also a near real-time process which can be used to determine whether aerial images taken by UAV cover the entire target area. We also extend this framework to use the inverse georeferencing process to update the IMU/GPS data which can be further used to calibrate the camera of the UAV, reduce IMU/GPS errors, and thus produce more accurate mosaic maps by employing any georeferencing method. Our experiments demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed framework in producing comparable mosaic maps as commercial soft-ware Agisoft and the effectiveness of the extended framework in significantly reducing the errors in the IMU/GPS data. © 2016 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)

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