Canyonlands National Park is in about the center of the Canyon Lands section of the Colorado Plateaus physiographic province in southeastern Utah. The part of the park discussed embraces an area of about 400 square miles comprising isolated mesas, precipitous canyons, and dissected broad benches near the confluence of the Green and Colorado Rivers, the only perennial streams in the area. The climate is arid to semiarid; normal annual precipitation ranges from less than 8 to about 10 inches. Potential evapotranspiration is about 41 inches annually.
Geology of the park is characterized by nearly horizontal strata that dip gently northward. Exposed rock formation*and deposits range in age from Middle Pennsylvanian to Holocene. Owing to the elevated and deeply dissected topography, only parts of the Cedar Mesa and White Rim Sandstone Members of the Cutler Formation of Permian age have potential for development of wells. Strata above and below them support only small -springs, are dry, or contain brine.
Sumsion, C. T. and Bolke, E. L., "Water Resources of Part of Canyonlands National Park, Southeastern Utah" (1972). Canyonlands Research Bibliography. Paper 179.