Economic Trade-Offs of Managing Forests for Timber Production and Vegetative Diversity
Canadian Jorunal of Forest Research
Three indices of forest stand structural and compositional diversity were incorporated into a linear programming timber harvest scheduling model to examine the trade-offs between managing stands for timber production and biodiversity objectives. The indices, based on Shannon's diversity index, characterized stand species diversity, basal area diversity, and vertical crown diversity. While harvest-level objectives were often compatible with the maintenance of vegetative diversity, the maximization of present net value was accompanied by substantial reductions in all three measures of diversity.
Holland, D.N., R.J. Lilleholm and D.W. Roberts (1994). Economic trade-offs of managing forests for timber production and vegetative diversity. Can. J. For. Res. 24(6):1260-1265.