Title

Estimating spatial variations in soil organic carbon using satellite hyperspectral data and map algebra

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title

International Journal of Remote Sensing

Publisher

Taylor & Francis Online

Publication Date

4-17-2011

Volume

32

Issue

18

First Page

5077

Last Page

5103

Abstract

This study evaluated the effectiveness of using Hyperion hyperspectral data in improving existing remote-sensing methodologies for estimating soil organic carbon (SOC) content on farmland. The study area is Big Creek Watershed in Southern Illinois, USA. Several data-mining techniques were tested to calibrate and validate models that could be used for predicting SOC content using Hyperion bands as predictors. A combined model of stepwise regression followed by a five hidden nodes artificial neural network was selected as the best model, with a calibration coefficient of determination (R 2) of 78.9% and a root mean square error (RMSE) of 3.3 tonnes per hectare (t ha−1). The validation RMSE, however, was found to be 11.3 t ha−1. Map algebra was implemented to extrapolate this model and produce a SOC map for the watershed. Hyperspectral data improved marginally the predictability of SOC compared to multispectral data under natural field conditions. They could not capture small annual variations in SOC, but could measure decadal variations with moderate error. Satellite-based hyperspectral data combined with map algebra can measure total SOC pools in various ecosystem or soil types to within a few per cent error.

DOI

DOI:10.1080/01431161.2010.494637

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