Title

Environment, transnational labor migration, and gender: Case studies from Southern Yucatán, Mexico and Vermont, USA

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title

Population and Environment

Publication Date

9-2010

Publisher

Springer

Volume

32

Issue

2-3

First Page

177

Last Page

197

Abstract

Gender shapes the migration–environment association in both origin and destination communities. Using quantitative and qualitative data, we juxtapose these gender dimensions for a labor migrant-sending location of Mexico’s southern Yucatán with those for a labor migrant-receiving location in Vermont (USA). We illustrate how in the southern Yucatán, circular transnational migration alters pasture, maize and chili production in a peasant field–forest system. Gender norms condition the land-use decisions of migratory households to keep women out of agricultural fields, but in turn may be modified in unexpected ways. With men’s migration, more women assume aspects of land management, including in decision-making and supervision of hired farm labor. In comparison, in Vermont a largely male migrant labor force helps maintain an idealized, pastoral landscape with gender deeply embedded in how that labor is constructed and managed.

DOI

10.1007/s11111-010-0124-y

Comments

Originally Published by Springer in Population and Environment: http://www.springerlink.com/content/46005211ngp23154/

Publisher PDF is available for download through the link above.