Economics Research Institute Study Paper
Utah State University Department of Economics
This paper offers a simple model and corroborating empirical evidence that reconcile rivalrous claims about liberalization's impact on low-impact agrarian economies; growth and smallholder welfare reduction can go hand in hand. The model developed here reverses the causality o fBhagwati's well-known immiserizing growth model. Price shocks cause welfare effects that, in tum, drive output response, rather than output shocks, causing price shocks and then welfare effects, as in the trade theoretic original. Immiserized growth seems a plausible explanation for some important causes-e.g., the Malagasy case considered here-in which liberalization appears to have engendered both real agricultural growth and heightened food security stress among smallholder food producers.
Barrett, Christopher B., "Immiserized Growth in Liberalized Agriculture" (1996). Economic Research Institute Study Papers. Paper 107.