Economics Research Institute Study Paper
Utah State University Department of Economics
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There has been growing interest within the economics discipline in the role of equity concerns in the distribution of resources. This paper presents empirical evidence from a series of controlled laboratory experiments where third-party decision-makers must allocate resources between two individuals. The experimental results indicate that subjects view a wide range of different allocations as the fair distribution of resources. However, regression analysis indicates that both treatment effects and a few demographic variables explain some of this variation in fairness concepts. Most significantly, decision-makers rewarded subjects who earned their favorable positions and the gender of the decision-maker was an important predictor of the allocation chosen.
Dickenson, David L. and Tiefenthaler, Jill, "What is Fair? Experimental Evidence" (2000). Economic Research Institute Study Papers. Paper 180.