All Current Publications

Document Type


Publication Date



The objective of a breeding soundness examination (BSE) of rams is to evaluate and classify their potential breeding ability. This process should include evaluation of their physical condition as well as an evaluation of the semen itself. A BSE does not include an evaluation of sex drive or breeding behavior because there are no standardized criteria by which to judge these. Their best evaluation at present will come from observation of the rams breeding behavior after introduction into the ewe flock.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.