Title

Parent socialization, family economic well-being, and toddlers' cognitive development in rural Paraguay

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title/Conference

Journal of Research in Childhood Education

Volume

20

Issue

4

Publisher

Taylor & Francis (Routledge)

Publication Date

2006

First Page

255

Last Page

274

DOI

10.1080/02568540609594566

Abstract

This study examined the specific factors relative to healthy socialization and economic well-being that predicted toddler mental development in rural Paraguay. Thirty toddlers and their primary caregivers were assessed using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development-II (BSID-II), the Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment (HOME) to assess socialization, and a Family Resource Survey to assess economic well-being. As has been found in other studies, parent responsivity, parent support of child learning, and family economic well-being predicted BSID-II scores. Similar to results from other developing world samples, children's mental development scores decreased across the second year of life, a finding attributed to the parasitic load that many rural Paraguayan children carry, their family's lack of social capital, and inadequate parent-child socialization. The framework for the paper is centered on Amartya Sen's (1999) contention that family-, community-, and country-level well-being must be adequate to support healthy human development.