The Butte City Fire occurred on July 1, 1994, west of Idaho Falls, ID. Ignited from a burning flat tire, the blaze was driven by high winds that caused it to cover over 20,500 acres in just over 6.5 hours. Sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata ssp. wyomingensis) is the principal shrub species of this high dese~t rangeland. With the absence of vegetation after the fire, erosion increased tremendously. Because the fire occurred on the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, researchers were able to gather weather information from remote meteorological stations positioned on and around the site.
Butler, Bret W.; Reynolds, Timothy D.; United States Department of Agriculture; Forest Service; and Intermountain Research Station, "Wildfire Case Study: Butte City Fire, Southeastern Idaho, July 1, 1994" (1997). All U.S. Government Documents (Utah Regional Depository). Paper 497.