Date of Award

5-2014

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Landscape Architecture (MLA)

Department

Landscape Architecture and Environmental Planning

First Advisor

Carlos V. Licon

Abstract

Natural watercourses are being negatively affected by growing urbanization in different cities of the world. Within these circumstances the concept of river restoration has gained relevance, becoming a worldwide priority in water management. In developing countries, river restoration plans, conditioned by social and economic limitations, are mainly focused on a single approach, typically relying on short-term, low technology strategies.

In the long term, these strategies tend to fail because they usually avoid integral solutions that address the interconnected factors contributing to river degradation. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to develop a framework of river restoration planning for developing countries that sustains the health of the river, the welfare of the ecosystem and the safety of the community. This framework develops three strategies with potential techniques to address the impacts of water pollution, flooding risk, and informal settlement in river ecosystems. Techniques responding to each of these strategies were described under a matrix that expresses their suitability with respect to a set of attributes or criteria selected for analysis. an explanatory case study approach in the Moca River, Dominican Republic, was used to apply the three strategies.

4-24-2014