Date of Award

1971

Degree Type

Report

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Nutrition, Dietetics, and Food Sciences

First Advisor

Ethelwyn B. Wilcox

Abstract

In most countries in Africa and in South and East Asia the foods which are produced do not provide adequate diets, or in some areas, not enough food for the population. In most areas, it is not the severe shortage of food supplies, but inequality of food distribution and the quality of the diet as influenced by deficiencies of individual nutrients. One of the most severe deficiencies is in protein because of the poor quality and imbalanced diets due to lack of nutritional knowledge and ignorance of the special needs of large groups of people such as pregnant and lactating women, and children. The solution to this problem is to help these developing countries in techniques to produce more food, make better use of their present food, provide acceptable high protein foods at a reasonable cost, and educate the people with ways to apply the principles and modern knowledge of nutritional requirements to obtain better health. Various methods which are used often for estimating the nutritional value of protein are discussed . Estimations of minimal protein and amino acids, and the suggested intakes for adequate protein and amino acids needs are given . In developing countries , animal protein products may not be available or expensive . Mixtures of vegetable or cereal proteins should be used . Many local available foods or new forms of protein-rich foods should be properly introduced to the developing countries to be accepted and used as desirable foods. The protein needs of many diseases are discussed . Education plays an important role in the program of improving world nutritional problem . In developing countries, sanitation for storage, preparation and service may be first concepts that are taught as they are very important.

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