CEDAR Workshop. Seattle, WA, June 22-26, 2014
While the mesospheric temperature anomalies associated with Sudden Stratospheric Warmings (SSWs) have been observed extensively in the polar regions, observations of these anomalies at midlatitudes are sparse. The original Rayleigh-scatter lidar that operated at the Atmospheric Lidar Observatory (ALO; 41.7°N, 111.8°W) in the Center for Atmospheric and Space Sciences (CASS) on the campus of Utah State University (USU) collected a very dense set of temperature data for 11 years, from 1993 through 2004. The temperatures derived from these data extended over the mesosphere, from 45 to 90 km. This work focuses on the extensive Rayleigh lidar observations made during seven major SSW events that occurred between 1993 and 2004, and aims to compile a climatological study of the midlatitude mesospheric temperatures during these SSW events. In order to determine the characteristics of the midlatitude mesospheric temperatures during SSWs, comparisons were made between the temperature profile on an individual night during a SSW event and the climatological (11-year average) temperature profile for that night. An overall disturbance pattern was observed in the mesospheric temperatures during these SSWs. It included coolings in the upper mesosphere, comparable to those seen in the polar regions, and warmings in the lower mesosphere.
Sox, Leda; Wickwar, Vincent B.; Fish, Chad; and Herron, Joshua P., "Midlatitude Mesospheric Temperature Anomalies During Major SSW Events as Observed with Rayleigh-Scatter Lidar" (2014). CEDAR Workshop. Seattle, WA, June 22-26, 2014. Graduate Student Posters. Paper 23.