Date of Award
Nutrition, Dietetics, and Food Sciences
Background: Vitamin D deficiency in the US is more prevalent than before estimated. Given the numerous roles vitamin D plays in the body, it is becoming apparent that the need for adequate intake is vital. It is generally accepted that adults require 1,000 IU per day.
Methods: Electronic searches were conducted using Google Scholar and Elsevier databases. Search terms included “vitamin D deficiency”, “vitamin D deficiency US”, and “vitamin D screening”. Databases were reviewed for prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in the US.
Results: Populations at high risk for deficiency include the elderly, adolescents, people with darker skin, those who are obese, and those with limited sun exposure. Studies have shown that a deficiency cannot only lead to bone disease, but possibly cancer, cardiovascular disease and autoimmune diseases.
Conclusions: Due to the increasing prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in the US, it is suggested that interventions be taken to increase intake among at-risk populations. Such interventions include increasing consumption of vitamin D rich foods, taking a vitamin D supplement, and/or increasing sun exposure to the extent needed for adequate vitamin D production.
Arnold, Christine N., "Vitamin D Deficiency in the United States: How Common is it?" (2010). Undergraduate Honors Theses. Paper 39.
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