Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title/Conference

Mechanics of Advanced Materials and Structures

Volume

20

Issue

3

Publisher

Elsevier

Publication Date

2013

First Page

227

Last Page

241

DOI

10.1080/15376494.2011.584150

Abstract

The accuracy of the Variational Asymptotic Plate and Shell Analysis (VAPAS) is assessed against several higher order, zig zag and layerwise theories generated by using the invariant axiomatic framework denoted as Generalized Unified Formulation (GUF). These theories are also compared against the elasticity solution developed for the case of a sandwich structure with high Face to Core Stiffness Ratio. GUF allows to use an infinite number of axiomatic theories (Equivalent Single Layer theories with or without zig zag effects and Layerwise theories as well) with any combination of orders of the displacements and it is an ideal tool to precisely assess the range of applicability of the Variational Asymptotic Plate and Shell Analysis or other theories in general. In fact, all the axiomatic theories generated by GUF are obtained from the kernels or fundamental nuclei of the Generalized Unified Formulation and changing the order of the variables is “naturally” and systematically done with GUF. It is demonstrated that VAPAS achieves accuracy comparable to a fourth (or higher) order zig-zag theory or lower-order layerwise theories with the least number degrees of freedom. The differences between the axiomatic Zig-zag models and VAPAS are also assessed. Range of applicability of VAPAS will be discussed in detail and guidelines for new developments based on GUF and VAPAS are provided.

Comments

This is a final accepted manuscript. The published version may be accessed here http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15376494.2011.584150

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