Effect of Sodium Phytate, Sodium Pyrophosphate, and Sodium Tripolyphosphate on Physicochemical Characteristics of Restructured Beef
The effects of 0.5% sodium phytate (SPT), sodium pyrophosphate (SPP), and sodium tripolyphosphate (STPP), along with 1% NaCl, on physico-chemical properties of restructured raw and cooked beef were evaluated. In raw beef stored for 1 day at 4 ° C, the SPT, SPP, and STPP increased pH and salt-soluble protein level and decreased %MetMb and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), compared to the control with salt alone (p < 0.05). In cooked beef, SPT, SPP, and STPP increased bind strength, cook yield, moisture level, and pH, and decreased TBARS (p < 0.05). SPP and STPP increased orthophosphate in both raw and cooked beef (p < 0.05), compared to the SPT and control. SPT, SPP, and STPP decreased the Hunter color L and b values and increased a value in raw beef (p < 0.05) but had no effect on the Hunter color values in cooked beef. The binding value of SPP and STPP were similar over time, and the time to reach maximum binding strength was 10s longer than SPT and 25s longer than the control. These results indicate that SPT compares favorably with traditional phosphates for bind strength and cooked yield, but SPT was slightly more effective than other phosphates for reduction of TBARS 1 day after cooking.
Lee, B., Hendricks, D. G. and Cornforth, D. P. 1998. Effect of sodium phytate, sodium pyrophosphate, and sodium tripolyphosphate on physicochemical characteristics of restructured beef. Meat Sci. 50:273-283.