While social values guide the objectives of ecosystem management, successful execution requires a public well-informed on the consequences of alternative decision options. Daniels advocates a group-learning process entitled "collaborative learning" to achieve this understanding. Agency personnel should assume the roles of educators, facilitators, and managers. The agencies must also open up, meditate, and share decision-making power with the public while avoiding advocacy of any particular interest-group's desires. Policy makers have a role in influencing social values by fostering a nonadversarial politics of cooperation and consensus building.
Fitts, Robert D.; Gross, Howard P.; Jacobs, Michael J.; Tall, Brenda J.; and Thompson, Jamie K.
"Social and political mechanisms for establishing ecosystem management objectives,"
Natural Resources and Environmental Issues:
Vol. 5, Article 21.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.usu.edu/nrei/vol5/iss1/21