Physical Review B
Spin-resolved core-level photoemission data from the 3p level of ultrathin Fe films [1.4–5.1 monolayers (ML)] epitaxially grown on W(110) have been obtained. A nonlinear least-squares analysis, based on a one-particle Hamiltonian that simultaneously includes core-valence exchange and core-hole spin-orbit interactions, is developed. It is first tested on Fe 2p magnetic circular dichroism (MCD) photoemission spectra and shown to successfully describe the MCD asymmetry data. The model is then used to analyze our thin-film 3p data. With increasing film thickness the spin-orbit splitting (0.67±0.02 eV) remains constant (as expected), the exchange splitting increases from 0±0.12 eV to 0.41±0.05 eV, the average Fe film magnetization (=1.2±0.3μB at 1.4 ML) increases, and the singularity index decreases. The analysis highlights the importance of simultaneously considering all relevant photoemission parameters in extracting meaningful values of the spin-orbit and exchange interactions.
"Simultaneous Determination of Fe 3p Spin-Orbit and Exchange Splittings in Photoemission," D.-J. Huang, D. M. Riffe, and J. L. Erskine, Phys. Rev. B 51, 15170 (1995).