Physics of Fluids
American Institute of Physics
Linear stability analysis predicts that the onset of convection for an ascending autocatalytic reaction front in a vertical cylinder corresponds to a nonaxisymmetric mode. This mode consists of a single convective roll confined to the region near the reaction front, with fluid rising in half of the cylinder and falling in the other half. Experiments show a flat front below the onset of convection and an axisymmetric front well above the onset of convection. New experiments are called for to closely examine the onset of convection in order to test this prediction.
"Convective Instability of Autocatalytic Reaction Fronts in Vertical Cylinders," D. A. Vasquez, J. W. Wilder, and B. F. Edwards, Phys. Fluids A 4, 2410 (1992) .