Title

Analyzing the convergent validity of states and traits: Development and application of multimethod latent state-trait models

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title/Conference

Psychological Assessment

Volume

20

Issue

3

Publisher

American Psychological Association

Publication Date

9-1-2008

First Page

270

Last Page

280

DOI

10.1037/a0012812

Abstract

The analysis of convergent and discriminant validity is an integral part of the construct validation process. Models for analyzing the convergent and discriminant validity have typically been developed for cross-sectional data. There exist, however, only a few approaches for longitudinal data that can be applied for analyzing the construct validity of fluctuating states. In this article, the authors show how models of latent state-trait theory can be combined with models of multitrait-multimethod analysis to develop a model that allows for analyzing convergent and discriminant validity in time: the multimethod latent state-trait model. The model allows for identifying different sources of variance (trait consistency, trait-method specificity, occasion-specific consistency, occasion-specific method specificity, and unreliability). It is applied to the repeated measurement of depression and anxiety in children, which was assessed by self and teacher reports (N = 375). The application shows that the proposed models fit the data well and allow a deeper understanding of method effects in clinical assessment.

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