Title

Comprehension of Expository Text: Insights Gained from Think-Aloud Data

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title/Conference

American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology

Volume

18

Issue

1

Publisher

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association

Publication Date

2009

First Page

82

Last Page

94

DOI

10.1044/1058-0360(2008/07-0074)

Abstract

Purpose: To examine the kinds of explicit and implicit statements generated by school-age children with and without language impairments during comprehension of expository texts and to determine the relationship of these statements to comprehension performance.

Method: Forty 4th-grade children with and without language impairments participated in individual think-aloud sessions (verbalizing thoughts aloud). During the sessions, children were asked to listen to expository passages 1 sentence at a time, make comments after each sentence, and then answer questions and recall the passages. The comments or verbal protocols that children generated during the think-aloud sessions were transcribed and analyzed. The relationship of verbal protocols to comprehension performance was evaluated.

Results: Findings suggested that the ability to paraphrase passages was closely related to measures of expository text comprehension.

Conclusions: The use of data obtained during think-aloud sessions may be useful to supplement information gained from traditional measures of comprehension for children with and without language impairments.