Title

The Use of a Self-Generation Memory Encoding Strategy to Improve Verbal Memory and Learning in Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title/Conference

Applied Neuropsychology

Volume

15

Issue

1

Publisher

Taylor and Francis

Publication Date

2008

First Page

61

Last Page

68

DOI

10.1080/09084280801917806

Abstract

The generation effect refers to the theory that optimal acquisition and retention of information is achieved by active participation rather than by passive observation. The efficacy of a self-generation memory encoding strategy was tested using a verbal paired-associate task for free recall, cued recall, and recognition memory in 40 traumatically brain-injured outpatients in two studies. In study #1, self-generation encoding procedures improved recognition memory, but not free recall, compared with the didactic presentation of information. In study #2, self-generation procedures improved cued recall test performance, but the results demonstrated that the type of cue that is provided moderates the efficacy of self-generation procedures. Results provide preliminary empirical support for the use of self-generation encoding procedures in improving upon verbal memory and learning abilities in individuals with TBI.