Carbon County is the greatest bituminous coal-producing district in the state and ranks as one of the largest and best in the Intermountain West. In 1934 there were twenty-six operating coal mines from which approximately 5,000,000 tons of coal were mined each year. These mines create work for hundreds of men. Many people in this section farm in the summer and mine during the winter months. In 1934 but 20,000 acres of land in this section were under cultivation, with little possibility of reclaiming additional land. Prior to 1928 crops had been somewhat restricted on account of the limited water-supply; this difficulty, however, was overcome with the construction of the Horsley Dam located in Pleasant Valley. This dam forms a lake 4 miles long and 1 mile wide and furnishes sufficient irrigation water for all land on the new project.
By a special act of the State Legislature in 1927 the Carbon County Experimental Farm was established. This 40-acre farm was located on a new irrigation tract south of the Price River and approximately 4 miles south of Price, the county seat, in a region where the agricultural resources had been only partially developed.
Zobell, I. D., "Bulletin No. 270 - Soil-Management and Crop-Production Studies" (1936). UAES Bulletins. Paper 232.