Title

Landscape Evolution in South-Central Minnesota and the Role of Geomorphic History on Modern Erosional Processes

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title/Conference

GSA Today

Volume

21

Issue

9

Publication Date

1-1-2011

DOI

10.1130/G121A.1

Abstract

The Minnesota River Valley was carved during catastrophic drainage of glacial Lake Agassiz at the end of the late Pleistocene. The ensuing base-level drop on tributaries created knickpoints that excavated deep valleys as they migrated upstream. A sediment budget compiled in one of these tributaries, the Le Sueur River, shows that these deep valleys are now the primary source of sediment to the Minnesota River. To compare modern sediment loads with pre-European settlement erosion rates, we analyzed incision history using fluvial terrace ages to constrain a valley incision model. Results indicate that even though the dominant sediment sources are derived from natural sources (bluffs, ravines, and streambanks), erosion rates have increased substantially, due in part to pervasive changes in watershed hydrology.

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