Title

Landscape heterogeneity influences carbon dioxide production in a young boreal reservoir

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title/Conference

Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences

Volume

69

Publisher

NRC Research Press

Publication Date

3-1-2012

First Page

447

Last Page

456

DOI

10.1139/f2011-174

Abstract

Surface carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions exhibit a high degree of spatial heterogeneity in the young boreal Eastmain-1 hydroelectric reservoir, located in northern Quebec, Canada. Estimates of the individual components of net CO2 production within the reservoir (benthic respiration, water column respiration, and primary production) furthermore provide a link between the heterogeneity in surface CO2 emissions and the flooded landscapes below. Specifically, the preflood carbon stock and soil–sediment respiration rates of flooded landscapes were found to influence benthic CO2 production, the rate of decline of hypolimnetic dissolved organic carbon (DOC), and the estimated rate at which flooded landscapes release DOC, further influencing water column respiration rates. Estimates of the individual components of net CO2 production in Eastmain-1 are supported by a positive relationship (t test, r2 = 0.64, P < 0.01) between measured surface CO2 emissions (mean ± SE = 1540 ± 145.4 mg C·m–2·day–1) and independently derived estimates of total net CO2 production (mean ± SE = 1230 ± 162.4 mg C·m–2·day–1). Our findings emphasize the utility of fundamental landscape characterization prior to construction in predicting reservoir greenhouse gas emissions.

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