Title

A Comparison of the Species-Time Relationship across Ecosystems and Taxonomic Groups

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title/Conference

Oikos

Volume

112

Issue

1

Publisher

Wiley-Blackwell

Publication Date

2006

First Page

185

Last Page

196

DOI

10.1111/j.0030-1299.2006.14223.x

Abstract

The species–time relationship (STR) describes how the species richness of a community increases with the time span over which the community is observed. This pattern has numerous implications for both theory and conservation in much the same way as the species–area relationship (SAR). However, the STR has received much less attention and to date only a handful of papers have been published on the pattern. Here we gather together 984 community time-series, representing 15 study areas and nine taxonomic groups, and evaluate their STRs in order to assess the generality of the STR, its consistency across ecosystems and taxonomic groups, its functional form, and its relationship to local species richness. In general, STRs were surprisingly similar across major taxonomic groups and ecosystem types. STRs tended to be well fit by both power and logarithmic functions, and power function exponents typically ranged between 0.2 and 0.4. Communities with high richness tended to have lower STR exponents, suggesting that factors increasing richness may simultaneously decrease turnover in ecological systems. Our results suggest that the STR is as fundamental an ecological pattern as the SAR, and raise questions about the general processes underlying this pattern. They also highlight the dynamic nature of most species assemblages, and the need to incorporate time scale in both basic and applied research on species richness patterns.

Comments

Originally published by Wiley-Blackwell. Publisher's HTML full text and PDF available through remote link.