American Institute of Physics
The predominance of men in physics remains a puzzle. To attract talented women and minorities, the culture of college physics needs a makeover. In 1998, women received about 40% of the bachelor's degrees in mathematics and chemistry, but only 19% of the bachelor's in physics. That underrepresentation worsens at higher levels: The same year, women constituted 13% of physics PhD recipients and 8% of physics faculty members.(1) According to NSF, the community of working PhD-level physicists in 2000 was 84% white and 93% male.(2) What accounts for such stark numbers?
Whitten, Barbara L.; Foster, Suzanne R.; and Ducombe, Margaret L., "What Works for Women in Undergraduate Physics?" (2003). ADVANCE Library Collection. Paper 295.