Manipulation of Ovarian Function Influenced Glucose Metabolism in CBA/J Mice

Document Type


Journal/Book Title/Conference

Experimental Gerontology




Elsevier Inc.

Publication Date



Menopause is associated with a decline in overall health in women. One health aspect impacted is glucose metabolism. As women experience menopause, their metabolism declines dramatically. The current study addressed the influence of ovarian somatic cells on the improvement of metabolic health through transplantations of young, germ cell-depleted ovaries. The purpose of this study is to expand the understanding of female reproductive health on metabolism. Control mice were grouped by age and treatment mice were age-matched. Treatment mice were placed into one of three groups: 1) mice received germ cell-depleted ovaries, 2) mice received germ cell-containing ovaries, and 3) mice received ovarian somatic cells via injection directly to their original ovary. All mice were subject to a glucose tolerance test, during which a bolus of dextrose was administered, and blood glucose levels were collected and recorded. Mice were euthanized between 680 and 700 days. Metabolic results showed an improvement of glucose metabolism in both germ cell-depleted and germ cell-containing groups compared to controls. No significance difference was noted between the germ cell-containing and germ cell-depleted groups. Somatic cell injection groups also showed improved glucose metabolism compared to controls. This experiment has shown that post-reproductive health is positively influenced by reproductive status. Additionally, somatic cells play an important role in the restoration of health to post-reproductive mice.