Aspen Bibliography


Inoculation methods for selecting Populis tremuloides resistant to hypoxylon canker

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Canadian Journal of Forest Research





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Canker expansion and the amount of callus tissue formed were measured monthly on 60 ramets from each of five trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) clones that had been inoculated in wounds with Entoleuca mammata (= Hypoxylon mammatum (Wahl.) Mill.) over a 12-month period. At the clone level, the prevalence of nonlethal cankers within clones prior to the study had no correlation with canker expansion with three of the five clones. Greenhouse inoculation of ramets derived from the same five clones resulted in the same resistance rankings as main-stem inoculations in the field. One isolate, Hm-27, produced longer cankers, and less callus developed on all clones compared with trees inoculated with the less aggressive strain, Hm-24. Cankers developed only on clones that were inoculated during the months of April through July with April inoculations resulting in the largest cankers. These results indicate that there is a limited time frame when wounds on aspen are susceptible to infection by artificial inoculation with the pathogen as many wound inoculations neither produced cankers nor wound callus. Comparing inoculation methods, either main-stem inoculations in the field or greenhouse inoculations coupled with the natural canker prevalence could be used to include or exclude clones for use in an aspen breeding program.