Mountain Pine Beetle Dynamics in Lodgepole Pine Forests, Part 1: Course of an Infectation
Much of this work is original research by the authors. However, published literature on the mountain pine beetle is reviewed with particular reference to epidemic infestations in lodgepole pine forests. The mountain pine beetle and lodgepole pine have evolved into an intensive and highly compatible relationship. Consequently, stand dynamics of lodgepole pine is a primary factor in the development of beetle epidemics. the diameter-growth relationship and the effects of environmental factors on the beetle population provide the basis for assessing potential tree losses and some forest management alternatives to be used. Stand susceptibility and acceptable risk are considered in the use of these management alternatives in order to achieve management's goals.
Cole, W. and Amman, G. (1980). Mountain pine beetle dynamics in lodgepole pine forests, Part 1: course of an infectation. USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, General Technical Report INT-89, 56 pp.