Kiwifruit are produced by a large, deciduous vine botanically known as Actinidia chinensis. Individual plants bear either male or female flowers, so both types of plants are planted in a vineyard at a ratio of 8 females to 1 male to insure adequate cross-pollination and fruit set. Bees are necessary for pollination; wind pollination is unsatisfactory.
Beutel, James A., "Kiwifruit Production in California" (1982). Ba. Paper 144.
Available for download on Saturday, January 01, 2050