Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash.
e hundred and forty-six persons in the Washington, D.C., area returned questionnaires which concerned Xylocopa virginica (L.). The bees nested in porches, houses, garages, sheds, fences, benches, trellises, lamp posts, and other wooden structures. They nested more frequently in pine and redwood than in other woods and in south sides of buildings more often than expected by chance alone. Forty-three percent of the respondents were concerned about being stung by the bees. In attempts to control or kill them, 48 persons spent from $0.10 to 1400.00 (i = $83.67). They reported an average of eight nest entrances per aggregation and an average nest site longevity of six years. Nests were from 0.3 to 9.1 m above the ground.
Barrows, Edward M., "Results of a Survey of Damage Caused by the Carpenter Bee Xylocopa Virginica (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae)" (1980). Ba. Paper 68.
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