Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title/Conference

Annals of the Entomological Society of America

Volume

57

Issue

3

Publication Date

5-1-1964

First Page

279

Last Page

291

Abstract

During its 5 (males) or 6 (females) larval instars Pontania pacifica Marlatt develops in a gall in the leaves of Salix lasiolepis Bentham. The last-instar larva molts into the prepupa, which emerges from the gall and drops to the ground where it spins the cocoon in which pupation occurs. The gall is the result of hyperplasia and hypertrophy of the mesophyll in the young leaves. This process is probably the response of the plant to mechanical destruction of the cells during oviposition by the sawfly, and to the specific action of the colleterial secretion injected into the wound with the egg. The presence of egg or larva is not essential for formation of a typical gall, whose size and shape depend on the growth rate of the leaf. The sawfly larva and the gall form the nucleus for a community composed of both entomophagous and phytophagous species.

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