Individually tagged honey bee foragers were treated topically with a sublethal dose of permethrin at a feeding station, and their behavior was observed inside an observation beehive. Permethrin-treated adult bees exhibited a significantly higher percentage of time in self-cleaning, trembling dance, abdomen tucking, rotating, and cleaning of abdomen while rubbing hind legs together. In contrast, untreated bees exhibited a higher percentage of time in walking, body insertion, and food giving, and made more foraging trips.
Cox, Robert L. and Wilson, William T., "Effects of Permethrin on the Behavior of Individually Tagged Honey Bees, Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae)" (1984). Co. Paper 151.
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